Chitwan is the fourth largest city of Nepal, which consists of the oldest and first National Park of Nepal, Chitwan National Park. It was established in 1973 and covers an area of 952.63 square kilometers(367.81 sq mi) and is located in the subtropical lowlands of Inner Terai. The National Park is included as a world heritage site by UNESCO. The park is home to 68 species of mammals, 544 species of birds, 56 species of herpetofauna, and 126 species of fish. The park is especially renowned for its protection of One Horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, and Gharial Crocodile. The spectacular landscape, covered with lush vegetation and the Himalayas as the backdrop makes the park an area of exceptional natural beauty.
Top 5 things to do in Chitwan National Park
Elephant Back Safari
The most popular activities in Chitwan National Park include Elephant Back Safari as it is the safest means to explore the subtropical forest of Chitwan. The elephant back safari continues for around 1 hour during which one can witness the various flora and fauna present in National Park. The people usually witness various wild animals including rare one-horned rhinos and Royal Bengal Tigers (if one is lucky enough) as well as hundreds of species of birds and the number of reptiles.
Jungle Walk and Bird Watching
The Chitwan National Park serves as a heaven for bird watcher as the Park alone houses 544 species of birds. A park is also a fine place for nature lovers as the jungle walk offers you an opportunity to have a closer look at flora and fauna. But it is recommended to carry out the jungle walk with the trained naturalist as they are well known about the flora and fauna of the jungle.
Canoeing is the other best part of Chitwan. The slow canoe ride on the gentle river of inner terai is a must-do activity in Chitwan that offers you an opportunity to view the different birds on the bank of the Rapti river. Canoeing ride on the Rapt River also encounters the popular Marsha Mugger and Gharial Crocodiles in theirs’ natural habitation.
Tharu Cultural Program
Tharu Cultural Program is yet another special program around Chitwan National Park. The program is conducted every day in the evening at the Sauraha Tharu Culture House. Dances like Danda Nach (Stick Dance) and Ago Nach (Fire Dance) Mayur Nach (Peacock Dance) are some of the popular dances of the culture show.
People who don’t wish to explore the jungle on the back of the elephant can opt for the Jeep Drive. During the jeep drive, one can witness the phenomenal beauty of the National Park and encounter the numbers of wild animals and have the closer look at it. The jeep drive also takes you to the ‘Gharial Crocodile Breeding Centre’ at Kasara of Chitwan National Park’s headquarters, where you can observe breeding activities of Gharial and Marsh Magar.