hiking injuries and prevention, roam around nepal

Hiking Injuries and Prevention

Common hiking injuries are:

Blisters

  • One of the most common types of injuries, due to excessive friction between skin an ill fitted socks or shoes.
  • Make sure your socks and shoes are comfortable and well fitted to your legs.
  • Apply blistering tape, wear slippers if possible.

Sprains

  • Another major problem that may arise during your hiking trip is the sprain on ankle and knee. Sprain injures the bands of tissue that connect two bones together.
  • Make sure to wear knee guard, ankle guard for necessary support.
  • Walk slowly and watch for unproper surfaces.
  • Take rest, apply diclofenac on affected area, walk slowly and use trekking pole.
  • Apply compression using elastic bandage, use unused clothes in case of no bandage.

Cuts

  • Cuts are one of the most common hiking injuries and can happen at anytime from anywhere. They’re difficult to prevent but are not usually serious.
  • Watch out for woods, slippery path and other obstacles on the way.
  • Apply band aid for minor injury, Bigger cuts may require a tourniquet to stop the wound from bleeding. Use a belt or unneeded piece of clothing and tie it tightly above the wound. Write down the time the tourniquet was applied so medical personnel know how long it ash been on for.

Dehydration

  • Dehydration is when the amount of water in the body has dropped too low which prevents body to function properly. Feeling more thirsty than normal, lethargy, headaches and darker or yellow urine are some of major symptoms of dehydration.
  • Simple solution of dehydration is to drink plenty of water. Lots of water go out from your body as sweat so drink water before you get thirsty.

Sunburn

  • Sunburn is the term for red, sometimes swollen, and painful skin caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. Sunburn can vary from mild to severe. The extent depends on skin type and amount of exposure to the sun. Sunburn is a serious risk factor for skin cancer.
  • Wear full sleeves clothes, use sunskin cream.
  • It usually take few days to heal the sunburn. If you get caught by sun burn, use some moisturize lotion.

Bug bites, leeches

  • Bug bites can be difficult to prevent, especially when there are large swarms around.
  • Avoid scrathing the bite as this will irritate ir further. use insect repelling cream.
  • Wear full sleeves clothes. In case of leeches, avoid travelling on monsoon season.

Your bag pack must contains following First aid kits

  • Bandage
  • Adhesive bandage/band aid (for small injuries)
  • Pain Killers (in case of excessive pain)
  • Safety pins, thread and needles
  • Blister plaster
  • Electrolyte powder (jiwan jal)
  • Glucose tablets
  • Diclofenac gel/spray
  • Back Support Brace