hiking injuries and prevention, roam around nepal

Hiking Injuries and Prevention

Common hiking injuries are:

Blisters

  • One of the most common types of injuries, due to excessive friction between skin ill-fitted socks or shoes.
  • Make sure your socks and shoes are comfortable and well fitted to your legs.
  • Apply blistering tape, wear slippers if possible.

Sprains

  • Another major problem that may arise during your hiking trip is the sprain on the ankle and knee. Sprain injures the bands of tissue that connect two bones together.
  • Make sure to wear a knee guard, ankle guard for necessary support.
  • Walk slowly and watch for unproper surfaces.
  • Take rest, apply diclofenac on the affected area, walk slowly and use a trekking pole.
  • Apply compression using an elastic bandage, use unused clothes in case of no bandage.

Cuts

  • Cuts are one of the most common hiking injuries and can happen at any time from anywhere. They’re difficult to prevent but are not usually serious.
  • Watch out for woods, slippery path, and other obstacles on the way.
  • Apply band-aid for minor injury, Bigger cuts may require a tourniquet to stop the wound from bleeding. Use a belt or unneeded piece of clothing and tie it tightly above the wound. Write down the time the tourniquet was applied so medical personnel knows how long it ashes been on for.

Dehydration

  • Dehydration is when the amount of water in the body has dropped too low which prevents the body to function properly. Feeling more thirsty than normal, lethargy, headaches and darker or yellow urine are some of the major symptoms of dehydration.
  • A simple solution to dehydration is to drink plenty of water. Lots of water go out from your body as sweat so drink water before you get thirsty.

Sunburn

  • Sunburn is the term for red, sometimes swollen, and painful skin caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. Sunburn can vary from mild to severe. The extent depends on skin type and amount of exposure to the sun. Sunburn is a serious risk factor for skin cancer.
  • Wear full sleeves clothes, use sun skin cream.
  • It usually takes a few days to heal the sunburn. If you get caught by sunburn, use some moisturize lotion.

Bug bites, leeches

  • Bug bites can be difficult to prevent, especially when there are large swarms around.
  • Avoid scratching the bite as this will irritate it further. use insect repelling cream.
  • Wear full sleeves clothes. In the case of leeches, avoid traveling on monsoon season.

Your bag pack must contain the following First aid kits

  • Bandage
  • Adhesive bandage/band-aid (for small injuries)
  • Pain Killers (in case of excessive pain)
  • Safety pins, thread, and needles
  • Blister plaster
  • Electrolyte powder (jiwan jal)
  • Glucose tablets
  • Diclofenac gel/spray
  • Back Support Brace