Pashupatinath Temple | UNESCO world heritage site of Nepal


Pashupatinath is one of the most religious and sacred places of Hindus, which is also inscribed under the UNESCO world heritage site. This extravagant area is situated 5 kilometers north-east of Kathmandu Valley on the bank of Holy Bagmati River. It is the largest temple complex in Nepal, that stretches on both sides of the Bagmati River. Pashupatinath falls under one of the four most important religious sites in Asia for devotees of Lord Shiva.

Pashupatinath Temple | UNESCO world heritage site of Nepal

Attractions around Pashupatinath

Pashupatinath Temple
Pashupatinath Temple is designed in a pagoda-style that consists of a gilded roof, four sides door made of silver, and exquisite wood carvings. Non- Hindus aren’t allowed to enter the temple premises, but can certainly witness the surrounding around the Temple. One must take off all the electronics to enter the temple as no photography is allowed inside the temple. Within the entrance, there stands the rear large Nandi (bull) at the courtyard which was built by King Amsuvarma in 605 AD. The inner sanctum consists of three and a half foot-high phallic-shaped Shiva lingam. The big Maha Shivaratri festival in spring attracts hundreds of thousands of devotees from within Nepal and from India.

The Ghats
The Ghats resides backward of the main temple on both banks of Holy River Bagmati. The Cremation of Hindus takes place on raised platforms along the river. Anyone is free to walk around the ghat but are advised not to take photographs as there are people in deep sorrow and mourning here. The Ghats is the place where people can learn about the cremation rituals of Hindus people.

Pashupatinath Temple | UNESCO world heritage site of Nepal

Guhyeshwari Temple
Guhyeshwari Temple lies further east before the Bagmati reaches Pashupati. This temple is dedicated to Shiva’s consort, Sati Devi. This temple was built by King Pratap Malla in the 17th century.  It is believed that a body part of Sati Devi (wife of Lord Shiva) fell after her death at the very place where the temple is now located. Guhyeshwari Temple is known among the Shakti Peeth and is one of the most sacred religious sites for Hindus. 

Daily Rituals at Pashupatinath Temple
4:00 am: West gate opens for visitors.
8:30 am: After the arrival of Pujaris, the idols of the Lord are bathed and cleaned, clothes and jewelry are changed for the day.
9:30 am: Baal Bhog or breakfast is offered to the Lord.
10:00 am: Then people who want to do Puja are welcomed to do so. The Puja continues till 1:45 pm in the afternoon.
1:50 pm: Lunch is offered to the Lord in the main Pashupati Temple.
2:00 pm: Morning prayers end.
5:15 pm: The evening Aarati at the main Pashupati Temple begins.
6:00 pm onward: Bagmati Ganga Aarati on the banks of the Bagmati River. Ganga Aarati along with Shiva’s Tandava Bhajan, written by Ravana, is carried out during the evening Ganga Aarati.
7:00 pm: Doors close.