25/11/2015 – An early chief in environmental coverage, the Netherlands has decoupled greenhouse fuel emissions from financial progress and just about eradicated landfill over the previous decade. But a fossil fuel-intensive power combine and looming pressures from site visitors congestion and intensive agriculture are creating new challenges, in line with a brand new OECD report.

the Newest environmental efficiency overview of the Netherlands by the OECD praises a lower within the carbon depth of the Dutch financial system, decrease air air pollution and in depth use of environmental taxes. It additionally notes that the nation is among the most effective members of the OECD with excessive charges of recycling and incineration with power restoration.

Nevertheless, fossil fuels nonetheless account for greater than 90% of the nation’s complete main power provide, the fifth highest among the many 34 OECD members. The share of fresh power has elevated however renewable power nonetheless accounted for less than 4.2% of power provide in 2013, primarily strong biomass and renewable municipal waste. This leaves the Netherlands prone to not assembly the renewable power and power effectivity targets set out within the 2013 authorities power settlement for sustainable progress.

The Netherlands has the third lowest share of renewable power within the OECD

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“The Netherlands has been on the forefront of inexperienced insurance policies previously, however is being examined by new environmental pressures and bold targets for cleaner and extra environment friendly power,” stated OECD Atmosphere Director, Simon Upton. “The nation has one of the fashionable and dynamic economies on the planet, so if Dutch ingenuity can’t resolve at this time’s main environmental challenges, it is going to be troublesome for the remainder of the world to take action. .”

Like most European nations, the Netherlands noticed its complete GHG emissions fall between 2000 and 2012, however much less markedly than many others.

The Netherlands has greater power taxes than most OECD nations, however the charges are uneven throughout power sources and customers. Massive power customers – and GHG emitters – face a lot decrease tax charges than small customers and profit from a lot of exemptions and refund mechanisms. This limits their effectiveness in lowering GHG emissions.

A reform of auto taxes aimed toward lowering C0₂ emissions from transport proved much less efficient than anticipated and proved to be a expensive option to scale back emissions whereas contributing to a considerable erosion of the tax base. One of many elements compromising the success of the coverage was the massive distinction recorded between the check cycle emissions and the precise emissions of C0₂ and N0x.

The overview recommends reconsidering the introduction of highway pricing – an thought the nation has thought-about previously however not applied – as a option to higher handle the unfavorable environmental impacts of transport and assist handle a anticipated improve in congestion in city areas within the coming years.

Intensive agriculture within the Netherlands, the second most densely populated nation within the OECD after Korea, is one other space that poses a critical problem to enhancing ecosystem and water high quality. A couple of third of the nation’s territory is used for agricultural functions, and the quantity of nitrogen fertilizers and pesticides used per sq. kilometer of agricultural land is effectively above the OECD common.

Suggestions from the overview embody:

  • Step up efforts to enhance local weather and power coverage to make sure targets are met and in probably the most cost-effective means doable.
  • Rethink a proposed tax exemption on coal utilized in electrical energy technology, bearing in mind impacts on native air air pollution.
  • Make higher use of the EU power market to extend the share of renewable energies.
  • Introduce highway pricing for vehicles by changing automobile taxes and lowering gasoline taxes.

An embeddable model of the overview is offered with info on downloadable and printed variations of the report.

Obtain the examination highlights in English.

Study extra concerning the OECD Environmental Efficiency Evaluations: http://www.oecd.org/surroundings/country-reviews/

For extra info or to rearrange an interview with the writer, journalists are invited to contact Catherine Bremer on the OECD Media Workplace (+33 1 45 24 97 00).

Working with greater than 100 nations, the OECD is a worldwide coverage discussion board that promotes insurance policies aimed toward enhancing the financial and social well-being of individuals world wide.

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